Testing well water is one way to detect harmful substances in your water before they have the chance to make you sick. But if you are going to preemptively test for substances that cause illness, that takes a bit of knowledge to know what to test for. There are commonly tested items as well as things you will want to look for locally. Here is a guide to well water testing on a regular basis.
Speak With Your Municipality
When you are the owner of a local well, one of the best things you can do to ensure your safety is to speak with a local government official about water quality concerns in the area. The municipal water supply is taken from the same groundwater as your private well, so they may have some insights as to what the local water quality concerns are. In some areas, there is a higher ground concentration of certain minerals; it may require water softening to get the water back to a drinkable level. Water softening removes excess minerals for drinkability and health. In other areas, specific bacteria or parasites are a concern. Water filtration is needed in those situations.
Have the Area Surveyed
You can also have the area surveyed for ecological issues. If there is a concern that is more specific to your property, local government officials may not be aware of it. A custom survey may dig up chemical spills and other toxins that could pollute your water. It can also turn up problems with slope and landscaping problems that may lead to your water supply being polluted by runoff.
Always Test for Sewage Bacteria
You can start as a baseline to test your water supply for the common agents that cause illness from sewage leaks. Owners of wells are often managing their own sewage supplies with a septic tank at the same time. That means you could have problems with E. coli and other bacteria present in human waste.
Look at Chemical Runoff and Environmental Hazards
At the same time, you may know some local issues with environmental cleanup and toxic waste management. That's something to talk about with a water treatment specialist.
The solution for a multi-faceted water quality issue may take some time deal with, but water testing is the first step. Consult multiple sources for input so that you can have a thorough testing suite that will catch disease-causing issues early on.